Skip Navigation

Regulations

This is an H3

Read the text of the state laws that relate to sun safety in schools and the workplace.

Read the state and national recommendations and resolutions that advocate for sun safety.

Colorado Child Care Centers
Colorado Department of Human Services Volume of Child Care Facility Licensing

Summary: The Colorado Department of Human Services has issued regulations for the use of sunscreen and shade at child care centers. A doctor’s prescription is not required for children’s use of sunscreen in child care centers. Children over the age of four are allowed to apply sunscreen to themselves, though permission from the parents is required for staff to apply sunscreen to children. Also, access to shaded areas, sheltered areas, or inside building areas must be provided at all times to guard children against the hazards of excessive sun and heat.

Summary: The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends Well Child exams for preventative care for adolescents once a year.  During the exam, the Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment recommends that pediatricians discuss Tanning and Sun Screen as one of six topics under the Anticipatory Guidance/ Health Education category.

Artificial Tanning Device Operation Act
Colorado Department of Public Health

Summary: Tanning salons are required by the Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment to give their clients a copy of a warning statement that addresses the effects of UV radiation emitted by artificial tanning beds and lamps. This statement must inform the customers that exposure to UV radiation can cause different reactions in customers with varying skin types and how exposure to ultraviolet radiation can have negative health effects.  

Recognizing the importance of sun safety, and for other purposes
House Resolution 169

Summary: The U.S. House of Representatives recognizes the importance of sun safety and the need for sun safety education programs.

Local Wellness Policy
Section 204 of Public Law 108-265 Child Nutrition and WIC Reauthorization Act of 2004

Summary: Congress recognizes that schools play a critical role in promoting student health, preventing childhood obesity, and combating problems associated with poor nutrition and physical inactivity. The legislation places the responsibility of developing a wellness policy at the local level, so that the individual needs of each district can be addressed.

Skin Cancer Prevention Within Health Education
American Association for Health Education

Summary: Resolution to actively support educational programs to inform students, staff and guardians of the hazards of UV exposure, and to support school districts in their efforts to develop written policies regarding the protection of students and teachers against increased sun exposure at official school functions.

Resolution on Sun Safety School Policies and Education to Prevent Skin Cancer
American School Health Association

Summary: Acknowledges the dangers of UV overexposure and encourages official school policy for students and staff on sun safety that promotes sun-safe behaviors as well as other sun safety guidelines.

^return to top


Child Care Centers
7.712.52 Health Care [Rev. eff. 10/1/03]

D. Sun Protection

  1. The center must obtain the parent or guardian's written authorization and instructions for applying sunscreen to their children's exposed skin prior to outside play. A doctor's permission is not needed to use sunscreen at the center.
  2. When supplied for an individual child, the sunscreen must be labeled with the child's first and last name.
  3. If sunscreen is provided by the center, parents must be notified in advance, in writing, of the type of sunscreen the center will use.
  4. Children may apply sunscreen to themselves under the direct supervision of a staff member.

7.712.71 Facility Requirements

D. The center must provide access to an outdoor play area. The outdoor play area may be a city park or public school ground. The play area must meet the following requirements:

  1. Access to a shaded area, sheltered area, or inside building area must be provided at all times to guard children against the hazards of excessive sun and heat.

^return to top


Artificial Tanning Device Operation Act

House Bill 92-1169
by
Representatives Martin, Entz, R. Hernandez, Knox, Pankey, Sullivan, and S. Williams.; also Senators Fenlon, Groff, Mendez, and Pascoe.
Concerning Artificial Tanning Devices and Making an Appropriation Therefor.
Be it enacted by the General Assembly of the State of Colorado:
Section 1. Article 5 of title 25, Colorado Revised Statutes, 1989 repl.
Vol., as amended, is amended by the addition of a new part to read:
Part 10
Artificial Tanning Devices

25-5-1001. Short Title.
This Part 10 shall be known and may be cited as the "Artificial Tanning Device Operation Act".
25-5-1002. Legislative Declaration.
(1) The General Assembly hereby finds, determines, and declares that injuries may result from improperly supervised use of artificial tanning devices which expose the human body to ultraviolet radiation. Artificial tanning devices may emit more than ten times the amount of ultraviolet radiation than normal exposure to the sun. Injuries from intense exposure may result in cases of premature aging, adverse reactions to medication, skin burns, eye burns, retinal damage, formation of cataracts, precancers, and the promotion of several types of skin cancers including, but not limited to melanoma.
(2) The General Assembly further finds, determines, and declares that artificial tanning device users may be unaware of and lack access to information that they may experience a heightened photosensitivity to artificial tanning as a result of the use of medications such as birth control pills, antibiotics, high blood pressure medications, diuretics, and oral diabetes medications; commonly available cosmetics; and certain citrus products such as limes.
(3) The General Assembly further finds, determines, and declares that establishments which provide users with access to artificial tanning devices may fail to establish basic sanitary precautions against the transmission of communicable skin disorders, may fail to protect the user from either direct contact with bulbs or from shards of glass if a bulb explodes, and may fail to provide users with appropriate health or physical safety information.

^return to top


Recognizing the importance of sun safety, and for other purposes
House Resolution 169:

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
MARCH 17, 2005
Mr. BILIRAKIS (for himself and Ms. ESHOO) submitted the following resolution; which was referred to the Committee on Energy and Commerce

JUNE 7, 2005
Additional sponsors: Mr. BOUCHER, Mr. GENE GREEN of Texas, Mrs. BONO,
and Mr. HINCHEY

JUNE 7, 2005

RESOLUTION
Recognizing the importance of sun safety, and for other purposes.

Whereas Americans of all ages cherish the pleasures of out-door activities, and too few recognize that overexposure to the sun and its ultraviolet radiation, classified by the Department of Health and Human Services as a known carcinogen, is the leading cause of skin cancer;

Whereas it is critically important to be safe in the sun because skin cancer is the fastest growing cancer in our country today, affecting 1 in 5 Americans during their lifetimes and killing 1 person every hour of every day;

Whereas more than 1,000,000 new cases of skin cancer will be diagnosed in the United States this year, accounting for nearly half of all new cases of cancer and exceeding the incidence of breast, prostate, lung, and colon cancer combined;

Whereas most people receive approximately 80 percent of their lifetime sun exposure by age 18, setting the stage for skin cancer later in life;

Whereas skin cancer is highly preventable by taking simple precautions when engaged in outdoor activities;

Whereas research demonstrates that practicing good sun safety has the potential to significantly reduce the risk of skin cancer;

Whereas the Sun Safety Alliance and its members have dedicated themselves to promoting sun safety, eliminating skin cancer from excessive sun exposure, and encouraging sun protection practices, especially among children; and

Whereas the Sun Safety Alliance has designated the week of June 5, 2005, to June 11, 2005, as National Sun Safety Week:

Now, therefore, be it Resolved, that the House of Representatives-

  1. recognizes the importance of sun safety;
  2. recognizes the need for school-based sun safety education programs;
  3. encourages all Americans to protect themselves and their children from the dangers of excessive sun exposure;
  4. congratulates the Sun Safety Alliance for its efforts to promote sun safety and prevent skin cancer; and
  5. supports the goals and ideas of National Sun Safety Week.

^return to top


Local Wellness Policy

Section 204 of Public Law 108-265—June 30, 2004
Child Nutrition and WIC Reauthorization Act of 2004
SEC. 204 LOCAL WELLNESS POLICY
(a) IN GENERAL - Not later than the first day of the school year beginning after June 30, 2006, each local education agency participating in a program authorized by the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act (42 U.S.C.1751 et seq.) or the Child Nutrition Act of 1966 (42 U.S.C. 1771 et seq.) shall establish a local school wellness policy for schools under the local educational agency that, at a minimum—
1) Includes goals for nutrition education, physical activity and other school- based activities that are designed to promote student wellness in a manner that the local educational agency determines is appropriate;
2) Includes nutrition guidelines selected by the local educational agency for all foods available on each school campus under the local educational agency during the school day with the objectives of promoting student health and reducing childhood obesity;
3) Provides an assurance that guidelines for reimbursable school meals shall not be less restrictive than regulations and guidance issued by the Secretary of Agriculture pursuant to subsections (a) and (b) of section 10 of the Child Nutrition Act (42 U.S.C. 1779) and section 9(f)(1) and 17(a) of the Richard B Russell National School Lunch Act (42 U.S.C. 1758(f)(1), 1766(a)0, as those regulations and guidance apply to schools;
4) Establishes a plan for measuring implementation of the local wellness policy, including designation of 1 or more persons within the local educational agency or at each school, as appropriate, charged with operational responsibility for ensuring that the school meets the local wellness policy; and
5) Involves parents, students, and representatives of the school food authority, the school board, school administrators, and the public in the development of the school wellness policy.
(b) TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE AND BEST PRACTICES. -
(1) IN GENERAL. - The Secretary, in coordination with the Secretary of Education and in consultation with the Secretary of Health and Human Services, acting through the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, shall make available to local educational agencies, school food authorities, and State educational agencies, on request, information and technical assistance for use in—
(A) Establishing healthy school nutrition environments;
(B) Reducing childhood obesity; and
(C) Preventing diet-related chronic diseases.
(2) CONTENT. - Technical assistance provided by the Secretary under this subsection shall—
(A) Include relevant and applicable examples of schools and local educational agencies that have taken steps to offer healthy options for foods sold or served in schools;
(B) Include such other technical assistance as is required to carry out the goals of promoting sound nutrition and establishing healthy school nutrition environments that are consistent with this section;
(C) Be provided in such a manner as to be consistent with the specific needs and requirements of local educational agencies; and
(D) Be for guidance purposes only and not be construed as binding or as a mandate to schools, local educational agencies, school food authorities, or State educational agencies.
(3) FUNDING. –
(A) IN GENERAL. – On July 1, 2006, out of any funds in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, the Secretary of the Treasury shall transfer to the Secretary of Agriculture to carry out this subsection $4,000,000, to remain available until September 30, 2009.
(B) RECEIPT AND ACCEPTANCE. – The Secretary shall be entitled to receive, shall accept, and shall use to carry out this subsection the funds transferred under subparagraph (A), without further appropriation.

^return to top


SKIN CANCER PREVENTION WITHIN HEALTH EDUCATION
(A Resolution of the American Association for Health Education)

SKIN CANCER PREVENTION WITHIN HEALTH EDUCATION
(A Resolution of the American Association for Health Education)
WHEREAS, it is the responsibility of professionals in health education, physical education, sport, recreation, and dance to promote and protect the health of the youth of this nation; and
WHEREAS, skin cancer is the most common form of cancer in the United States, increasing at an epidemic rate with one in five Americans developing skin cancer,
WHEREAS, the sun’s ultraviolet rays are responsible for more than 90 percent of all skin cancers,
WHEREAS, exposure to the sun’s UV rays during childhood (up to 18 years old) is estimated to account for almost 80% of a person’s lifetime sun exposure,
WHEREAS, adults working with youth have an opportunity to make a meaningful contribution to skin cancer prevention through being aware of the problems and why sun safety education and strategies are important; therefore be it
Resolved, that the American Association for Health Education (AAHE) actively support educational programs to inform pre-K, elementary students, adolescents, parents, caretakers and education professionals about the hazards of UV exposure, its detrimental effects on health and appropriate prevention strategies; and be it further
Resolved that AAHE support school districts in their efforts to develop written policies regarding the protection of students and teachers against increased sun exposure at official school functions; and be it further
Resolved that AAHE encourage sport leaders, coaches and athletes to take leadership roles in acting as role models and encourage the development of healthy sun safe lifestyles and sun safe policies; and be it further
Resolved that AAHE participates in the National Coalition for Skin Cancer Prevention in Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Youth Sports; and be it further
Resolved that this resolution be communicated to the American Association of School Administrators, National Association of Secondary School Principals, National Association for Elementary School Principals, the National Education Association, the American Federation of Teachers, the National Parent Teachers Association, National Collegiate Athletic Association and other relevant organizations.

^return to top


State of Massachussets SENATE NO. 375


SENATE NO. 375
AN ACT ESTABLISHING A SKIN CANCER AND SUN SAFETY EDUCATION PROGRM IN PUBLIC SCHOOLS
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives in General Court assembled,
And by the authority of the same, as follows
:
1 SECTION 1. Section 1 of chapter 71 of the General Laws, as appearing in the 2004 Official
2 Edition, is hereby amended by inserting after the word “cancer,”, in line 27, the following
3 words: - “as to the detection and prevention of skin cancer,”.
4 SECTION 2. Said section 1 of said chapter 71, as so appearing, is hereby amended by adding
5 the following paragraph: -
6 “The department of education is hereby directed in collaboration with the department of public
7 health, to establish a task force for the purpose of developing a model curriculum for grades
8 kindergarten through twelve in skin cancer prevention that shall include (a) the basic facts about
9 skin cancer, including the negative impact of human exposure to ultraviolet radiation obtained
10 through sunburns and tanning, and (b) a comprehensive set of strategies and behaviors to reduce
11 the risk of contracting skin cancer. Said curriculum shall include, but not be limited to, the skin
12 cancer education and prevention policies and materials provided by the “Sunwise Program”, so
13 called, of the Environmental Protection Agency. A copy of said curriculum shall be sent to the
14 superintendent of schools for each school district in the commonwealth. The department shall
15 encourage school districts to implement said curriculum or a variation thereof.

^return to top


Resolution on Sun Safety School Policies and Education to Prevent Skin Cancer
(Recently adopted by the American School Health Association, November 2004)

WHEREAS, schools have the potential to influence student’s behavior particularly with regard to outdoor activities both during and after school hours;1,2,3
WHEREAS, it is estimated that most children and adolescents spend 2.5 to 3.0 hours per day outdoors in the sun; 1
WHEREAS, exposure to the sun’s ultraviolet rays during childhood accounts for a significant percentage of a person’s lifetime exposure; 1,3
WHEREAS, the lifetime risk of getting skin cancer is linked to sun exposure and sunburn during childhood and adolescence; 1,3,4
WHEREAS, over exposure to the ultraviolet rays of the sun accounts for the majority of all skin cancers in the U.S.; 1,3,4
WHEREAS, skin cancer is the most common cancer in the U.S.; 1,2,3,4
WHEREAS, schools, along with families and communities, share the responsibility to promote sun safety ; 1,2,3
WHEREAS, The Healthy People 2010 Objective is to increase the proportion of persons, particularly adolescents, to use at least one of the protective measures that may reduce the risk of skin cancer;1 and
WHEREAS, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the World Health Organization, and the National Association of School Boards of Education have published guidelines for sun safety and skin cancer prevention for schools.1
THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED: that the American School Health Association:
1) urges that school districts establish, monitor, and enforce an official school policy for students and staff on sun safety that promotes sun-safe behaviors for all outside school activities including, but not limited to the wearing of a sun-protective hat, the wearing of clothing which protects the body including the arms and legs, wearing a broad-spectrum sunscreen and lip balm with a sun protective factor (SPF) of 15 or greater, and the use of sunglasses which block UV rays;
2) recommends classroom instruction on sun safety and skin cancer prevention within a comprehensive school health education program through a multi-year scope and sequence of lessons beginning in elementary grades;
Page 1 of 3
3) recommends specific professional development for teachers and other personnel charged with delivering sun safety and skin cancer prevention education;
4) urges schools to educate students about the dangers of suntanning and the use of tanning salons and sun lamps through the junior and senior high school curriculum;
5) encourages school districts to adopt, implement, and monitor an environmental support plan which addresses sun safety in outdoor areas by providing shade options for students and staff;
6) supports the awareness of the local UV Index (UVI) forecast in daily school communications to students and staff encouraging appropriate safety reminders;
7) supports the scheduling of outdoor activities to maximize the use of indoor or shaded areas between the hours of 10 a.m. and 4 p.m. particularly on days when the UV Index is 6 or higher;
8) recommends that school districts provide staff development or in- service training on sun safety and skin cancer prevention information for all school personnel (teachers, coaches, nurses, playground aides) emphasizing the environmental hazard of ultraviolet radiation, the health risk for the potential development of skin cancer, and sun protection strategies;
9) encourages schools to communicate to parents, caregivers, and parent organizations the need for skin cancer prevention measures, sun safety tips, and details of the schools’ sun safety program and policies;
10) recommends that the school nurse and all school health services personnel be involved in the sun safety efforts of the school district;
11) encourages all staff to practice sun-protective behaviors and to recognize their importance as sun safety role models for persons of all ages particularly school-aged children and adolescents;
12) recommends that school district administrators and school board members, on a regular basis, evaluate the effectiveness of their sun safety program and seek to remedy any identified weaknesses or deficiencies; and
13) recommends when new school facilities are being planned or old ones remodeled, school districts consider providing indoor physical activity facilities, such as gymnasiums and fitness centers, especially in areas of the country that have consistent sunny and hot weather.
References
1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, “Guidelines for School Programs to Prevent Skin Cancer.” Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 51, N0. RR-4 (April 26,2002).
2. AMC Cancer Research Center, “Sun-Safe School Guide.” Denver, CO. 1998.
3. National Association of State School Boards of Education, “Fit, Healthy, and Ready to Learn”. Part II Sun Safety. Policies to Promote Sun Safety and Prevent Skin Cancer. 2002.
4. American Cancer Society, Cancer Facts and Figures. Atlanta, GA. 2004.
5. Saraiya M, Hall HI, Uhler RJ. Sunburn Prevalence among adults in the UnitedStates, 1999, American Journal of Preventive Medicine. 2002;23 (2):91-97. Year Adopted: 2004
© 2004
American School Health Association
7263 State Route 43 / P.O. Box 708
Kent, OH 44240
330/678-1601 (phone); 330/678-4526 (fax); asha@ashaweb.org (e-mail)
www.ashaweb.org

^return to top


5 Signs of Skin Cancer Other Than a New Mole
While it's important to know the guidelines for identifying ... more>>>

Schools & Their Sunscreen Rules
News reports are full of stories about kids who come home blister... more>>>

Indoor tanning's popularity among teens going down, CDC says
Two new studies released by the CDC looked at the prevalence of ... more>>>

News Archive

Sun Safe Colorado Home Page